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Security in Apache Cassandra#

Authentication with Cassandra#

  • Create an account and grant permissions on keyspace
CREATE ROLE thehive WITH PASSWORD = 'thehive1234' AND LOGIN = true;
GRANT ALL PERMISSIONS ON KEYSPACE thehive TO thehive;
  • Configure TheHive with the account

Update /etc/thehive/application.conf accordingly:

db.janusgraph {
  storage {
    ## Cassandra configuration
    # More information at https://docs.janusgraph.org/basics/configuration-reference/#storagecql
    backend: cql
    hostname: ["xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx"]
    # Cassandra authentication (if configured)
    username: "thehive" 
    password: "thehive1234" 
    cql {
      cluster-name: thp
      keyspace: thehive
    }
  }

Cassandra node to node encryption#

This document addresses communication between Cassandra servers, when a Cassandra cluster contains several nodes.

server_encryption_options:
    internode_encryption: all
    keystore: /path/to/keystore.jks
    keystore_password: keystorepassword
    truststore: /path/to/truststore.jks
    truststore_password: truststorepassword
    # More advanced defaults below:
    protocol: TLS
    algorithm: SunX509
    store_type: JKS
    cipher_suites: [TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_
AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_R
SA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA]
    require_client_auth: false

Cassandra dedicated port for SSL (optional)#

Optionally, you can setup a dedicated port for SSL communication. Update /etc/cassandra/cassandra.yml configuration file on each node:

native_transport_port_ssl: 9142

Note

By doing so, all SSL communications will be done using this port. Without this parameter, SSL is setup on native_transport_port. (everything is explained in the cassandra.yaml configuration file).

Client to node encryption#

This guide explains how to secure connection between Cassandra server and Cassandra clients (TheHive). This document doesn’t address communication between Cassandra servers, when a Cassandra cluster contains several nodes.

Requirements#

The setup requires a valid X509 certificate for the Cassandra service. It must have standard properties of server certificate:

  • key usage: Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment, Key Agreement
  • Extended Key Usage: TLS Web Server Authentication
  • Cert Type: SSL Server

It also must have a "Subject Alternative Name" with the identifier (DNS name or/and IP address) of the Cassandra server seen by the client. The format of the certificate file is PKCS12 (file with extention p12).

Then create a truststore containing the certificate authority used to generate the certificate for Cassandra. The truststore must be in Java format (JKS). If you CA file is ca.crt, you can generate the truststore file with the following command:

keytool -import -file /path/to/ca.crt -alias CA -keystore ca.jks

This command ask a password for file integrity checking.

The command keytool is available in any JDK distribution.

Configuring Cassandra#

Locate the section client_encryption_options and set the following options:

client_encryption_options:
    enabled: true
    # If enabled and optional is set to true encrypted and unencrypted connections are handled.
    optional: false
    keystore: /pat/to/keystore.jks
    keystore_password: keystorepassword
    require_client_auth: false
    # Set trustore and truststore_password if require_client_auth is true
    # truststore: conf/.truststore
    # truststore_password: cassandra
    # More advanced defaults below:
    protocol: TLS
    algorithm: SunX509
    store_type: JKS
    cipher_suites: [TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_
AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA,TLS_ECDHE_R
SA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA]
Then the service cassandra must be restarted.

Configuring TheHive#

db.janusgraph {
  storage {
    ## Cassandra configuration
    # More information at https://docs.janusgraph.org/basics/configuration-reference/#storagecql
    backend: cql
    hostname: ["ip_node_1", "ip_node_2", "ip_node_3"]
    # Cassandra authentication (if configured)
    username: "thehive"
    password: "thehive1234"
    port: 9142 # if alternative port has been set in Cassandra configuration
    cql {
      cluster-name: thp
      keyspace: thehive
      ssl {
        enabled: true
        truststore {
          location: "/path/to/truststore.jks"
          password: "truststorepassword"
        }
      }
    }
  }
Then the service thehive must be restarted.


Last update: July 4, 2021 08:51:31